Base - The EU research project "Bottom-Up Climate Adaptation Strategies Towards a Sustainable Europe" (BASE) supports action for sustainable climate change adaptation in Europe. BASE makes experiential and scientific information on adaptation meaningful, transferable and easily accessible to decision-makers at all levels. The project is funded under the EUs 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7).
Resilens - Critical infrastructure (CI) provides the essential functions and services that support European societal, economic and environmental systems. As both natural and man-made disaster and crises situations become more common place, the need to ensure the resilience of CI so that it is capable of withstanding, adapting and recovering from adverse events is paramount. Moving resilience from a conceptual understanding to applied, operational measures that integrate best practice from the related realm of risk management and vulnerability assessment is the focus of the RESILENS project. RESILENS (Realising European ReSILiencE for CritIcaL INfraStructure) will develop a European Resilience Management Guideline (ERMG) to support the practical application of resilience to all CI sectors. Accompanying the ERMG will be a Resilience Management Matrix and Audit Toolkit which will enable a resilience score to be attached to an individual CI, organisation (e.g. CI provider) and at different spatial scales (urban, regional, national and transboundary) which can then be iteratively used to direct users to resilience measures that will increase their benchmarked future score. Other resilience methods including substitution processes and measures to tackle cascading effects will also be developed. The ERMG and resilience management methods will be tested and validated through stakeholder engagement, table-top exercises and three large-scale pilots (transport CI, electricity CI and water CI). The ERMG and accompanying resilience methods will be hosted on an interactive web based platform, the RESILENS Decision Support Platform (RES-DSP). The RES-DSP will also host an e-learning hub that will provide further guidance and training on CI resilience. Overall, RESILENS aims to increase and optimise the uptake of resilience measures by CI providers and guardians, first responders, civil protection personnel and wider societal stakeholders of Member States and Associated Countries.
Rain Project - Risk Analysis of Infrastructure Networks in Response to Extreme Weather
RAIN contributes to minimising the impact of extreme weather events on transport, energy and telecommunication networks. The project will develop early warning systems, decision support tools and engineering solutions to ensure rapid reinstatement of the network. This will improve reliability of critical infrastructures and reduce disruption for citizens.
CAMINO (Comprehensive Approach to cyber roadMap coordINation and develOpment). In the challenge to reduce exposure to climate threats such as flooding, many cities are developing adaptation strategies and plans. However implementation often appears to be complex and technological, governance and financial barriers abound. Especially in current economic conditions, many urban climate adaptation programmes have stalled. In the CAMINO project, Climate Adaptation Mainstreaming through Innovation, leading cities and local authorities will showcase innovative solutions where climate adaptation creates new business opportunities, or where innovative (public-private) governance approaches make investments more feasible. In doing so, CAMINO will provide Future Perspectives on the reconciliation of economic growth and climate adaptation. CAMINO reconciles economic growth (Europe2020) and climate adaptation. It delivers innovative governance approaches and business cases that support mainstreaming climate adaptation in local investment projects and product/service development.
CascEff The aim of the project is to improve our understanding of the cascading effects in crisis situations to reduce the consequences of escalating incidents in complex environments. In order to do so the CascEff project will identify initiators, dependencies and key decision points. These will be used to develop an Incident Evolution Tool which will enable improved decision support in escalating incidents, contributing to the reduction of collateral damages and other unfortunate consequences associated with large crises.
COBACORE (COmmunity-BAsed COmprehensive REcovery) is a collaborative research project funded by the European Commission involving Dutch, UK, German, Irish, Spanish and Slovakian partners. COBACORE seeks to close the collaboration gaps between stakeholders involved in post-crisis recovery. COBACORE also aims to improve the matching of needs with capacities, through building upon the community as an important source of information and capabilities. The COBACORE suite of tools, which are designed to complement existing practices and tools, will support common needs assessments efforts, damage recovery needs, economic needs, health and social needs, and other critical humanitarian needs. The COBACORE assets will stimulate community-wide involvement in information gathering, sense-making, and needs assessment practices.
FORTRESS (Foresight Tools for Responding to cascading effects in a crisis) is a three year project that started in April 2014 and will end in March 2017. The aim of the project is to identify and understand cascading effects of a crisis by using evidence-based information from a range of previous crisis situations. FORTRESS aims to improve crisis management practices by identifying the diversity of such cascading effects. Its main outputs include the development of a predictive model addressing potential impacts of decisions made in crisis situations, and the development of an incident evolution tool to assist decision-makers in preparing and training for crises with cascading effects. FORTRESS is funded by the European Commission, grant agreement no: 607579.
INFRARISK (Novel Indicators for identifying critical INFRAstructure at RISK from natural hazards) is developing a reliable stress test framework to establish the resilience of European Critical Infrastructure to rare, low frequency, extreme natural hazard events and to aid decision making in the long term regarding robust infrastructure development and the protection of existing infrastructure. In an integrated approach to hazard assessment, the project is focusing on the impacts of seismic, landslide and flooding hazards on road and rail transport infrastructure, considering the interdependencies of the networks, cascading hazards and cascading effects and spatial and temporal vulnerability.
PREDICT (PREparing for the Domino effect in Crisis situaTions).The aim of the PREDICT project is to provide a comprehensive solution for dealing with cascading effects in multi-sectoral crisis situations covering aspects of critical infrastructures. The PREDICT solution will be composed of the following three pillars: methodologies, models and software tools. Their integrated use will increase the awareness and understanding of cascading effects by crisis response organisations, enhances their preparedness and improves their response capability to respond in case of cascading failures.
REAKT (Strategies and tools for Real time EArthquake risK reducTion). The general objective of the Project is to improve the efficiency of real time earthquake risk mitigation methods and its capability of protecting structures, infrastructures and people. REAKT aims at establishing the best practice on how to use jointly all the information coming from earthquake forecast, early warning and real time vulnerability assessment. All this information needs to be combined in a fully probabilistic framework, including realistic uncertainties estimations, to be used for decision making in real time.
RECARE Although there is a large body of knowledge available on soil threats in Europe, this knowledge is fragmented and incomplete, in particular regarding the complexity and functioning of soil systems and their interaction with human activities.
The main aim of RECARE is to develop effective prevention, remediation and restoration measures using an innovative trans-disciplinary approach, actively integrating and advancing knowledge of stakeholders and scientists in 17 Case Studies, covering a range of soil threats in different bio-physical and socio-economic environments across Europe.
S-HELP (Securing Health Emergency Learning Planning) Large scale disasters – be they natural, deliberate or accidental – are inevitable. They do not respect borders, a large number of people will die and the long term consequences from economic to mental health can for years devastate the affected population. S-HELP targets the central challenges in risk management by developing a holistic framed approach.
CRISMA Modelling crisis management for improved action and preparedness. The CRISMA Integration Project focuses on large scale crisis scenarios with immediate and extended human, societal, structural and economic, often irreversible, consequences and impacts. Typically, these crisis scenarios cannot be managed alone with regular emergency and first responder resources, but require multi-organisational and multi-national cooperation including humanitarian aid.
The CRISMA project shall develop a simulation-based decision support system, for modelling crisis management, improved action and preparedness. CRISMA shall facilitate simulation and modelling of realistic crisis scenarios, possible response actions, and the impacts of crisis depending on both the external factors driving the crisis development and the various actions of the crisis management team.
RainGain project, funded by Interreg NWE IVB. Climate change and rapid urbanisation will result in increasing water management problems in urban areas throughout this century. Urban areas in North-Western Europe are especially vulnerable due their high population densities and high concentration of industrial and infrastructural assets. The most important challenge is to obtain reliable data and predictions on rainfall events at urban scale, which are currently unavailable.
CIPRNet - The Critical Infrastructure Preparedness and Resilience Research Network or CIPRNet establishes a Network of Excellence in Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP). CIPRNet performs research and development that addresses a wide range of stakeholders including (multi)national emergency management, critical infrastructure operators, policy makers, and the society. By integrating resources of the CIPRNet partners acquired in more than 60 EU co-funded research projects, CIPRNet will create new advanced capabilities for its stakeholders. A key technology for the new capabilities will be modelling, simulation and analysis for CIP. CIPRNet builds a long-lasting virtual centre of shared and integrated knowledge and expertise in CIP. This virtual centre shall rovide durable support from research to end users. It will form the foundation for the European Infrastructures Simulation & Analysis Centre (EISAC) by 2020.
Strest - Critical Infrastructures (CIs) provide essential goods and services for modern society; they are highly integrated and have growing mutual dependencies. Recent natural events have shown that cascading failures of CIs have the potential for multi-infrastructure collapse and widespread societal and economic consequences. Moving toward a safer and more resilient society requires improved and standardized tools for hazard and risk assessment of low probability-high consequence (LP-HC) events, and their systematic application to whole classes of CIs, targeting integrated risk mitigation strategies. Among the most important assessment tools are the stress tests, designed to test the vulnerability and resilience of individual CIs and infrastructure systems. Following the results of the stress tests recently performed by the EC for the European Nuclear Power Plants, it is urgent to carry out appropriate stress tests for all other classes of CIs.
STAR-FLOOD stands for: “STrengthening And Redesigning European FLOOD risk practices: Towards appropriate and resilient flood risk governance arrangements”. This project was awarded a grant of 5.4 Million Euros by the European Union (FP7). The project is focused on analysing, explaining, evaluating and designing policies to better deal with flood risks from rivers in urban agglomerations across Europe. The results of this ambitious project are expected to be highly relevant for policies and law at the European, national and regional level and for the development of public-private partnerships. STAR-FLOOD runs from 1 October 2012 until 31 March 2016.